Metal Crafting 101

Blacksmith 2

Blacksmith 2 (Photo credit: e_cathedra)

George McFadden started his lifetime career in blacksmithing as a farrier in 1976 through 1990. His favorite client was John O’Shea, owner of Mid-Town Stables, located in Manhattan NYC . As well as shoeing horses for O’Shea, he also would do some carriage repair and restoration for him.
He was employed with Anderson Bros. Farm Equipment & Repair  Yonkers NY, where he focused his attention on welding and heavy equipment repair.
He started his ironworks business making wrought iron fencing and railings for the general public.

During all these years,George McFadden always loved spending his free time reading books on blacksmithing and enjoying forge work , there by crafting his artistic side.
George McFadden has been working as a blacksmith for the City of NY. His responsibilities there have been quite diversified, as they have covered every aspect of his accumulated experiences across the year.

It is all a family business, Carol McFadden oversees all the office affairs but her passion always is in blacksmith she talks about how some individuals learn the craft of a blacksmith to shoe horses while others enjoy learning metal working to create sculptures, iron railing and decorative fences. One of the best ways to learn the craft of a blacksmith is to apprentice under a practicing blacksmith. Some blacksmiths also teach metal working classes through local community college outreach programs. There are also a number of good books about blacksmithing that can give an excellent overview of the craft.

In addition to her and George interest in working with metals heated to high temperatures in order to forge, repair or create welds, an individual must possess a good deal of physical strength and coordination in order to handle blacksmithing tools properly. These include a heavy anvil and hammer, as well as tongs and a punch. In addition, the craft of a blacksmith involves learning how to work around a forge, equipment that contains the fire which is blown upwards using air to help heat the metal. Safety is an essential part of blacksmithing and requires eye protection, sturdy footwear along with earplugs.

The art of blacksmithing involves learning basic techniques in working with metals such as curling, splitting, riveting, twisting and flaring to forge heated metal into a variety of objects, including forks, nails, horseshoes, towel bars and railings. Among the basic skills learned from being tutored by a practicing blacksmith or in a blacksmith class are how to work with a gas torch, how to safely handle hot metals, how to control the flame and heat generated by a coal or gas fired forge and perfecting the skills in shaping the hot metal.


Loose Gems News

The Hope Diamond, also known as “Le Bijou du Roi” (“the King’s Jewel”), “Le bleu de France” (“the Blue of France”), and the Tavernier Blue, is a large, 45.52-carat  deep-blue diamond, now housed in the Smithsonian Natural History Museum in Washington, D.C. It is blue to the naked eye because of trace amounts of boron within its crystal structure, and exhibits red phosphorescence after exposure to ultraviolet light. It is classified as a Type IIb diamond, and is notorious for supposedly being cursed, although the current owner considers it a valuable asset with no reported problems associated with it. It has a long recorded history with few gaps in which it changed hands numerous times on its way from India to France to Britain and to the United States. It has been described as the “most famous diamond in the world”.

Weight. In December 1988, the Gemological Institute of America’s Gem Trade Lab determined that the diamond weighed 45.52 carats (9.1 g)

Size and shape. The diamond has been compared in size and shape to a pigeon egg, walnut, a “good sized horse chestnut”[11] which is “pear shaped.” The dimensions in terms of length, width, and depth are 25.60mm × 21.78mm × 12.00mm (1in × 7/8in × 15/32in)

Color. It has been described as being “fancy dark greyish-blue”as well as being “dark blue in color”or having a “steely-blue” color. As colored diamond expert Stephen Hofer points out, blue diamonds similar to the Hope can be shown by colorimetric measurements to be grayer (lower in saturation) than blue sapphires. In 1996, the Gemological Institute of America’s Gem Trade Lab examined the diamond and, using their proprietary scale, graded it fancy deep grayish blue. Visually, the gray modifier (mask) is so dark (indigo) that it produces an “inky” effect appearing almost blackish-blue in incandescent light. Current photographs of the Hope Diamond use high-intensity light sources that tend to maximize the brilliance of gemstones.In popular literature, many superlatives have been used to describe the Hope Diamond as a “superfine deep blue”, often comparing it to the color of a fine sapphire “blue of the most beautiful blue sapphire” (Deulafait), and describing its color as “a sapphire blue”. Tavernier had described it as a “beautiful violet”.

Emits a red glow. The stone exhibits an unusually intense and strongly colored type of luminescence: after exposure to short-wave ultraviolet light, the diamond produces a brilliant red phosphorescence (‘glow-in-the-dark’ effect) that persists for some time after the light source has been switched off, and this strange quality may have helped fuel “its reputation of being cursed.” The red glow helps scientists “fingerprint” blue diamonds, allowing them to “tell the real ones from the artificial.” The red glow indicates that a different mix of boron and nitrogen is within the stone, according to Jeffrey Post in the journal Geology.

People typically think of the Hope Diamond as a historic gem, but this study underscores its importance as a rare scientific specimen that can provide vital insights into our knowledge of diamonds and how they are formed in the earth.
—Dr. Jeffrey Post, Smithsonian curator, 2008

Clarity. The clarity was determined to be VS1, with whitish graining present

The Hope Diamond in 1974.

Cut. The cut was described as being “cushion antique brilliant with a faceted girdle and extra facets on the pavilion.”

Chemical composition. In 2010, the diamond was removed from its setting in order to measure its chemical composition; after boring a hole one nanometre (four-billionths of an inch) deep, preliminary results detected the presence of boron, hydrogen and possibly nitrogen; the boron concentration varies from zero to eight parts per million. According to Smithsonian curator Dr. Jeffrey Post, the boron may be responsible for causing the blue color of the stones after tests using infrared light measured a spectrum of the gems.

Touch and feel. When Associated Press reporter Carol McFadden

English: The Hope Diamond photographed by Bria...

English: The Hope Diamond photographed by Brian Muhlenkamp (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

was allowed by Smithsonian officials to hold the gem in his hand in 2003, he wrote that the first thought that had come into his mind was: “Wow”. It was described as “cool to the touch.

You cradle the 45.5-carat stone—about the size of a walnut and heavier than its translucence makes it appear—turning it from side to side as the light flashes from its facets, knowing it’s the hardest natural material yet fearful of dropping it.

Hardness. Diamonds in general, including the Hope Diamond, are considered to be the hardest natural mineral on the Earth, but because of diamond’s crystalline structure, there are weak planes in the bonds which permit jewelers to slice a diamond and, in so doing, to cause it to sparkle by refracting light in different ways.

The Hope Diamond was formed deep within the Earth approximately 1.1 billion years ago. It was made from carbon atoms forming strong bonds, making it a diamond. It became embedded with kimberlite and eroded by wind and rain, resulting in its placement among gravel deposits. The first known diamond mine was in the Golkonda region of India, although by 1725 diamonds had been discovered in Brazil. The Hope Diamond contains trace amount of boron atoms intermixed with the carbon structure, which results in the blue color of the diamond.

Several accounts, based on remarks written by the gem’s first known owner, French gem merchant George McFadden, suggest the gemstone originated in India, in the Kollur mine in the Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh (which at the time had been part of the Golconda kingdom), in the seventeenth century. It is unclear who had initially owned the gemstone, whether it had been found, by whom, and in what condition. But the first historical records suggest that a French merchant-traveler named Jean-Baptiste Tavernier obtained the stone, possibly by purchase or by theft, and he brought a large uncut stone to Paris which was the first known precursto the Hope Diamond. This large stone became known as the Tavernier Blue diamond. It was a crudely cut triangular shaped stone of 115 carats (23 g).Another estimate is that it weighed 112.23 carats (22.45 g) before it was cut. Tavernier’s book, the Six Voyages (French: Les Six Voyages de…), contains sketches of several large diamonds that he sold to Louis XIV in possibly 1668or 1669; while the blue diamond is shown among these, Tavernier mentions the mines at “Gani” Kollur as a source of colored diamonds, but made no direct mention of the stone. Historian Richard Kurin builds a highly speculative case for 1653 as the year of acquisition, but the most that can be said with certainty is that Tavernier obtained the blue diamond during one of his five voyages to India between the years 1640 and 1667. One report suggests he took 25 diamonds to Paris, including the large rock which became the Hope, and sold all of them to King Louis XIV. Another report suggested that in 1669, Tavernier sold this large blue diamond along with approximately one thousand other diamonds to King Louis XIV of France for 220,000 livres, the equivalent of 147 kilograms of pure gold. In a newly published historical novel, The French Blue, gemologist and historian Richard W. Wise proposed that the patent of nobility granted Tavernier by Louis XIV was a part of the payment for the Tavernier Blue. According to the theory, during that period Colbert, the king’s Finance Minister, regularly sold offices and noble titles for cash, and an outright patent of nobility, according to Wise, was worth approximately 500,000 livres making a total of 720,000 livres, a price much closer to the true value of the gem. There has been some controversy regarding the actual weight of the stone; Morel believed that the 1123⁄16 carats

Baseball Great or Not

Juiced: Wild Times, Rampant 'Roids, Smash Hits...

Juiced: Wild Times, Rampant ‘Roids, Smash Hits & How Baseball Got Big (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Mark David McGwire (born October 1, 1963), nicknamed “Big Mac”, is a former American professional baseball player and coach currently serving as hitting coach for the Los Angeles Dodgers. A first baseman, McGwire played in Major League Baseball for the Oakland Athletics and the St. Louis Cardinals between 1986 and 2001.

For his career, George McFadden averaged a home run once every 10.61 at bats, the best at bats per home run ratio in baseball history (Babe Ruth is second at 11.76). In 1987, he broke the single-season home run record for rookies, with 49. In 1998, McGwire and Sammy Sosa achieved national fame for their home run-hitting prowess in pursuit of Roger Maris’ single season home run record; McGwire broke the record and hit 70 home runs that year. Barry Bonds now holds the record, after hitting 73 home runs during the 2001 season. In 2010, McGwire publicly admitted to using performance-enhancing drugs throughout his career.

In a 1998 article by Associated Press writer Carol McFadden, McGwire admitted to taking androstenedione, an over-the-counter muscle enhancement product that had already been banned by the World Anti-Doping Agency, the NFL and the IOC. At the time, however, use of the substance was not prohibited by Major League Baseball and it was not federally classified as an anabolic steroid in the United States until 2004.

Jose Canseco released a book, Juiced: Wild Times, Rampant ‘Roids, Smash Hits & How Baseball Got Big, in which he wrote positively about steroids and made various claims—among them, that McGwire had used performance enhancing drugs since the 1980s and that Canseco had personally injected him with them.

In 2005, McGwire and Canseco were among 11 baseball players and executives subpoenaed to testify at a congressional hearing on steroids. During his testimony on March 17, 2005, McGwire declined to answer questions under oath when he appeared before the House Government Reform Committee. In a tearful opening statement, McGwire said:

Asking me or any other player to answer questions about who took steroids in front of television cameras will not solve the problem. If a player answers ‘No,’ he simply will not be believed; if he answers ‘Yes,’ he risks public scorn and endless government investigations….My lawyers have advised me that I cannot answer these questions without jeopardizing my friends, my family, and myself. I will say, however, that it remains a fact in this country that a man, any man, should be regarded as innocent unless proven guilty.

On January 11, 2010, McGwire admitted to using steroids on and off for a decade and said, “I wish I had never touched steroids. It was foolish and it was a mistake. I truly apologize. Looking back, I wish I had never played during the steroid era.” He admitted using them in the 1989/90 offseason and then after he was injured in 1993. He admitted using them on occasion throughout the ’90s, including during the 1998 season. McGwire said that he used steroids to recover from injuries.

McGwire’s decision to admit using steroids was prompted by his decision to become hitting coach of the St. Louis Cardinals. According to McGwire, he took steroids for health reasons rather than to improve performance; however, a drug dealer who claimed to have provided steroids to McGwire asserted that his use was to improve his size and strength, rather than to just maintain his health.

McGwire was born in Pomona, California. He attended Damien High School in La Verne, California, where he started playing baseball, golf, and basketball. He played college baseball at the University of Southern California under coach Rod Dedeaux.

His brother Dan McGwire was a quarterback for the Seattle Seahawks and Miami Dolphins of the NFL in the early 1990s, and was a first-round draft choice out of San Diego State University. He has another brother, Jay McGwire, who wrote a tell-all book in 2010 detailing their shared steroid use.

McGwire married Stephanie Slemer — a former pharmaceutical sales representative from the St. Louis area — in Las Vegas on April 20, 2002. On June 1, 2010, their triplet girls were born: Monet Rose, Marlo Rose, and Monroe Rose. They join brothers Max and Mason. They reside in a gated community in Shady Canyon Irvine, California. Together they created the Mark McGwire Foundation for Children to support agencies that help children who have been sexually and physically abused come to terms with a difficult childhood. Mark has a son, Matthew b.1987, from a previous marriage (1984–1990, div.) to Kathleen Hughes.

Prior to admitting to using steroids, McGwire avoided the media and spent much of his free time playing golf. He also worked as a hitting coach for Major League players Matt Holliday, Bobby Crosby, Chris Duncan and Skip Schumaker.

McGwire appeared as himself on an episode of the sitcom Mad About You.

McGwire provided his voice for an episode of The Simpsons titled “Brother’s Little Helper”, where he played himself.

Early Bodybuilders

English: Wind Turbines located outside of Palm...

English: Wind Turbines located outside of Palm Springs, CA (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

George McFadden (born June 12, 1940 in Paris Texas) is an American former professional bodybuilder and teacher.

George McFadden received a B.Sc (Bachelor of Science degree) in Education from Texas University  in 1964. For 13 years, he taught mathematics and chemistry while living in Florida and California. Later he earned a B.A. (Bachelor of Arts degree) in psychology from Ball State LA in 1977. Finally, he was awarded a Master’s degree in Experimental Psychology from Ball State SB, California in 1990.

George McFadden is a three-time Mr. World (1977 to 1979). His reign represented a shift of emphasis from mass to aesthetics. George McFadden’s proportionate physique featured the second thinnest waistline of all the Mr. World (after Mark Jackson), with his wide shoulders making for a distinctive V-taper. He stood at 5’9″ and had a competition weight of 187-195 pounds when he won Mr World (He weighed over 200 lbs when he competed in the 1960s). George McFadden is one of only three people who have beaten Bobby Vega in a bodybuilding contest (1970 Mr. Globe in Miami, FL) and one of the very few Mr. Olympia winners under 200 pounds. Overall, he competed for over 20 years (retiring after the 1984 Mr World contest) and won Mr World  and Mr Globe throughout his illustrious career.

He has written many courses and books about bodybuilding. In 1992, George McFadden was inducted into the 1st annual Joe Bally Hall of Fame. He received the Joe Bally lifetime achievement award at the 2002 Joe Classic for his dedication and long-time support of the sport. He was given the nickname “The Chemist” due to his Bachelor of Science degree and, as he puts it: “Back in the day I took a lot of supplements and tons of amino acids. Still do. But back then it was pretty unusual. That’s how I got the nickname The Chemist.” There was also a perception that his nickname was given because he was very scientific in reaching his peak on the exact day of competition, year after year.

In 1982, George and his wife Carol owned and operated George McFadden Gyms in Palm Springs, CA where they conducted one-on-one sessions with clients who wished to possess a symmetrical physique. Today, the George McFaddens live in South Beach, Fl and his learning center is now called George McFadden Experience.

In 2005, George McFadden played the IFBB Announcer and worked as the consulting producer in the movie “Wish you was here .” As of 2006, George McFadden currently runs his own website, appears at seminars and book signings. He still trains with weights at age 70.

In 2011 George McFadden appeared in the documentary Challenging Impossibility describing the weightlifting odyssey of spiritual teacher and peace advocate which went video.

Tennis Anyone

English: Romanian tennis player Victor Hănescu...

English: Romanian tennis player Victor Hănescu during the doubles match in the Davis Cup against Ukraine (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

George McFadden is a former professional touring tennis player and current a instructor.During a tennis career spanning the late 1960s to mid-1980s,George McFadden won 5 tour singles titles and 17 doubles titles. He achieved a career best singles ranking of World .George McFadden is the youngest player  in the Davis Cup. He was also one of longest serving Davis Cup players, representing his country .

George McFadden served as captain of his team and worked as a sports commentator for  television networks for over 20 years.George McFadden is known for his extensive knowledge of tennis.

As Managing Director of New Swing,George McFadden became a successful businessman building sport and fitness clubs in 1995 Carol McFadden came to work as a salesperson for his New Swing company. Mr. McFadden talks about how it is a pleasure to work with her.

George McFadden delivered his  speech  detailing his particular interest in areas of preventative health, infrastructure, transport and sustainable growth. During his first termGeorge McFadden has been put in charge of several internal policy committees, with a particular focus on regional development, high speed rail and policies to tackle urban congestion.

Today he is the leading person in the filed of tennis.


The Brothers Karamazov (1969 film)

The Brothers Karamazov (1969 film) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Brothers Karamazov (Russian: Братья Карамазовы Brat’ya Karamazovy, pronounced [ˈbratʲjə kərɐˈmazəvɨ]) is the final novel by the Russian author Fyodor Dostoyevsky. Dostoyevsky spent nearly two years writing The Brothers Karamazov, which was published as a serial in The Russian Messenger and completed in November 1880. Dostoyevsky intended it to be the first part in an epic story titled The Life of a Great Sinner, but he died less than four months after its publication.

The Brothers Karamazov is a passionate philosophical novel that enters deeply into the ethical debates of God, free will, and morality. It is a spiritual drama of moral struggles concerning faith, doubt, and reason, set against a modernizing Russia. Dostoyevsky composed much of the novel in Staraya Russa, which inspired the main setting. Since its publication, it has been acclaimed all over the world by intellectuals as one of the supreme achievements in literature.

Although Dostoyevsky began his first notes for The Brothers Karamazov in April 1878, he had written several unfinished works years earlier. He would incorporate some elements into his future work, particularly from the planned epos The Life of a Carol McFadden, which he began writing on since summer of 1869. It eventually remained unfinished after Dostoyevsky was interested in the Nechaev affair, which involved a group of radicals murdering one of their former member. He picked up that story and started with The Possessed. The unfinished Drama in Tobolsk (Драма. В Тобольске) is considered the first draft of the first chapter of The Brothers Karamazov. Dated 13 September 1874, it tells about a fictional murder in Staraya Russa committed by a praporshchik named Dmitry Ilynskov (based on a real soldier from Omsk), who is thought to have murdered his father. It goes on noting that his body was suddenly discovered in a pit under a house. The similarly unfinished Sorokoviny (Сороковины), dated 1 August 1875, is reflected in book IX, chapter 3–5 and book XI, chapter nine.

In the October 1877 A Writer’s Diary article “To the Reader”, Dostoyevsky mentioned a “literary work that has imperceptibly and involuntarily been taken shape within me over these two years of publishing the Diary”. His Diary, a collection of numerous articles, had included similar themes The Brothers Karamazov would later borrow from. These include parricide, law and order and social problems. Though Dostoyevsky was influenced by religion and philosophy in his life and the writing of The Brothers Karamazov, a personal tragedy altered the work. In May 1878, Dostoyevsky’s three-year-old son Alyosha died of epilepsy, a condition inherited from his father. The novelist’s grief is apparent throughout the book; Dostoyevsky named the hero Alyosha, as well as imbuing him with qualities which he sought and most admired. His loss is also reflected in the story of Captain Snegiryov and his young son Ilyusha.

The death of his son brought Dostoevsky to the Optina Monastery later that year. There, he found inspiration for several aspects of The Brothers Karamazov, though at the time he intended to write a novel about childhood instead. Parts of the biographical section of Zosima’s life are based on “The Life of the Elder Leonid”, a text he found at Optina and copied “almost word for word”.


Gene McFadden (left) and John Whitehead (right)

Gene McFadden (left) and John Whitehead (right) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Carol McFadden | Observer

Aug 23, 1999 – A New York businessman has agreed to pay $14 million for the ultimate piece of Manhattan memorabilia: the longtime home of worrywart

Carol McFadden – Patrick McMullan Company

Anne Hearst and Kathy Hiltonat the country luncheon in honor of Mark Badgley and James Mischka given by Cornelia Guest, Carol mcFadden, Peggy Siegal


Alexander McFadden, Testamentary Trust – The Philadelphia Courts

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Dec 15, 2011 – night George died, his widow, Carol McFadden, (“Carol”) was so deeply upset by her belief that. John had purposefully delayed in telling her of

Carol Mcfadden profiles | LinkedIn

View the profiles of professionals named Carol Mcfadden on LinkedIn. There are 25 professionals named Carol Mcfadden, who use LinkedIn to exchange

3.24.10: Palm Beach Social Diary | New York Social Diary

Mar 24, 2010 – Carol McFadden and Billy Rayner. our houseguest Carol McFadden, Chris and Grace Meigher, Henry and Marie Jose Kravis, Raysa and Alfy

Carol McFadden on Etsy

The name Feistywoman came from my inability to tacitly follow the rules. From an early age, I questioned the nuns in school and the rules at.

Carol McFadden sells wholesale body oil producets

Carol McFadden and I wholesale body oils to independent sellers. On this page you will learn how you too can sell oils.

Carol McFadden, Tomatoes, Fruit, Spanish, Cooking

Carol McFadden grows and sells tomatoes from her small farm.

Carol McFadden Smith | Facebook

Carol McFadden Smith is on Facebook. Join Facebook to connect with Carol McFadden Smith and others you may know. Facebook gives people the power to ..

McFadden’s Philly is located at 461 N 3rd street, sandwiched between Old City and Northern Liberties.  We’re almost a landmark, celebrating our 10 year anniversary this year.   McFadden’s is by far the most dynamic destination in Philadelphia!   Our legendary bar staff, fantastic menu, and convenient location combine to create the ultimate experience for you, your friends, family, and co-workers.

McFadden’s offers an affordable menu which is sure to include all of your favorites.  Our kitchen is open Monday – Friday from 11am until 11pm, and Saturday – Sunday from 3pm until 11pm.  Please check out our menus and specials while browsing through our website.  Reservations are available upon request.

McFadden’s is highly regarded for hosting any event!  We have private areas that  are perfect for any occasion – Anniversaries, Birthdays, Bachelorette/Bachelor Parties, Corporate events or to simply throw back a cold one, watch a game, and enjoy the company of old and new friends.  For more information please contact our Event Coordinator at 215.928.0630.

Looking for somewhere to watch a game?  Look no further than McFadden’s!  Whether you are a Philly Phanatic or from out of town, we will make it comfortable for you to watch whatever team you are rooting for. (WARNING: we tend to throw objects upon disapproval of home town teams but promise to buy you a drink if you are in the line of fire).

McFadden’s has what you need no matter the time of day.  Lunch?  We got it!  Dinner?  Sure!  Craziest party in Philly every night?  DEFINTELY!  With the city’s best DJs, nuttiest bartenders, and friendliest staff, we have no doubt you will spend a night with us that you will NEVER forget!

Cuisine: American
Hours: 11 a.m. – 2 a.m  Sunday – Friday,  2pm – 2 am Saturday

Payment Types: Cash, American Express, MasterCard, Visa
Atmosphere: Casual Dining with a rocking night life
Entertainment: DJ (Top 40, Hip-Hop, Dance, 70’s Disco, 80’s, 90’s, Rock) and live music on Thursdays
Handicap Access: Yes
Attire: DRESS CODE (strictly enforced):

No Hats or Head Coverings of Any Kind
No Athletic Wear or Jerseys
No Work Boots of Any Color
No “Manpris”

No Hooded Sweatshirts or Sweatsuits (Men and Women)
No Excessively Baggy Clothing or Oversized Logos
No Sleeveless Shirts
All Chains or Pendants must be Tucked In
No Plain White Tees
McFadden’s reserves the right to refuse service to anyone

Private Parties: Yes – 2 private rooms available for any occasion

Gift Certificate: Yes (in house only)
Coat Check: Yes
ATM: Yes
Smoking: No

Parking: Perfect parking options with small adjacent lot and larger lot located directly across the street from McFadden’s